José Aylwin is a Chilean human rights lawyer who specializes in indigenous peoples’ and citizens’ rights in Latin America. He is Co-Director of the Observatorio Ciudadano (Citizens’ Watch), a human rights NGO based in Temuco and Santiago, Chile. He is Adjunct Professor of Law at the Universidad Austral de Chile (Valdivia, Chile), where he teaches a course on the rights of indigenous peoples. He is also legal advisor for the International Work Group on Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA). José and Charlie Hale, professor of Anthropology and director of LLILAS, are working on a project examining how the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification process is responding to and addressing conflict over land rights between private forestry companies and the Mapuche peoples.