Human Rights Commentary

This is a regularly updated selection of pieces discussing emerging scholarship and current events related to international human rights. We encourage commentary submissions from within the UT community and from outside students, academics, practitioners, and policymakers. Submissions should be no longer than 750 words, and will be reviewed by an editorial committee member before being posted. Please send submissions, and any questions, to RCWPS@law.utexas.edu.

Today, people of color make up thirty-seven percent of the United States population but sixty-seven percent of the prison population.

April 26, 2017

Legalized Slavery in the United States Implemented Through the “Justice” System

The prison system in the United States equates to modern-day slavery due to its targeting of racial and ethnic minorities. There are 2.2 million people in the nation’s prisons and jails, which amounts to a 500% increase over the last 40 years. One in seventeen black men, aged between thirty and thirty-four, were in prison in 2015, as were one in forty-two Hispanic males, and one in ninety-one white males in the same age group...

The wave of arrests targeting journalists and activists in Lebanon over online statements— especially those made on Twitter and Facebook—during the last few years has escalated at an alarming rate.

April 12, 2017

#JungleRepublic: Where a Facebook Status Can Cost You Your Freedom

An enraged young Lebanese activist, Ahmad Amhaz, was detained in March over this Facebook status: “Three kinds of animals currently rule our country: a donkey, a crocodile and a third whose kind is yet to be discovered.” Referencing the Lebanese president, prime minister...

How do we balance our need to prevent attacks by foreign agents and our right to privacy?

April 5, 2017

Finding a Balance: Privacy and Safety

Considering the most recent release of information by WikiLeaks, and the ongoing 2016 election investigation, it seems as apt a time as ever to reevaluate the right of privacy and how far it truly protects the individual. In the United States, while the right to privacy...

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which sits in San Jose, Costa Rica, hears cases on human rights violations in the Americas.

March 29, 2017

The Need To Increase Participatory Mechanisms at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights has been subject to significant criticism regarding the absence of participatory mechanisms that allow societal actors to intervene in the inter-American process. To some extent, these critiques reflect a similar demand that is occurring in the domestic realm...

Presently, cases of outright denial to enroll Romani children to academic institutions continue to remain prominent. The mayors of several French municipalities refused to enroll Roma children in public schools on the basis of lack of certification. Certification, however, is not easily achieved by Roma parents as informal settlements are almost never recognized by government officials.

March 22, 2017

The Weight of Stigma and Segregation: Examining the Denial of Equal Education Opportunities to Roma Communities in EU Countries as an Abuse of Human Rights

The United Nations Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination released a statement in 2000 that acknowledged “the place of the Roma communities [is] among those most disadvantaged and most subject to discrimination in the contemporary world.” Such socially and institutionally accepted xenophobia...

March 2, 2017

“Are Refugees Really Not Welcome?”

“#RefugeesNotWelcome: Making Gendered Sense of Transnational Asylum Politics on Twitter” by Inga Ingulfsen is the winning paper of the 2016 Audre Rapoport Prize for Scholarship on Gender and Human Rights, an interdisciplinary writing competition organized by the Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice.

Before the broadcast, the five directors nominated in the best foreign language film category released a joint statement, where they denounced "the climate of fanaticism and nationalism we see today in the US and some many other countries." (Express Tribune)

March 1, 2017

Oscar Night Winners Bring Human Rights Issues Center Stage

On a night usually reserved for celebrating Hollywood elites, human rights violations around the world were featured front and center in several winner’s acceptance speeches. Especially in the categories that celebrated international achievement in filmmaking, winners did not hesitate to make strong statements in support of inclusion, tolerance, and peace...

Not all training programs, according to Swidler, were equally effective in preventing and treating HIV/AIDS. This and other shortcomings in the NGOs efforts, Swidler found, arose when the priorities of foreign volunteers were disconnected from local needs. Many volunteers had an idealized fantasy of helping the Other, which Swidler called the “romance of AIDS altruism.”

February 22, 2017

Ann Swidler on the Romance of AIDS Altruism

How is culture embedded within institutions? This central question drives the research of Ann Swidler, a professor of sociology at the University of California at Berkeley. The interplay between culture and institutions has taken her from investigating how middle-class Americans talk about love to studying the international AIDS effort in sub-Saharan Africa...

Recently, scholars are returning to scrutinize the interplay between business corporations and Latin American regimes. Early literature has already unraveled the close ties between business elites and authoritarian rules, from the state’s reliance on industrialists in developing a pro-market, open economy, to industrialists’ consent and sometimes-active support of coups d’état and ensuing state-led repression.

February 13, 2017

New Research on the Relationships between Businesses and Military Regimes under Latin America’s Cold War

State terror and human rights violations during Latin America’s authoritarian phase have been amply studied in the past two decades. Scholarship has revealed how Cold War military dictatorships and juntas-headed national security states detained, tortured, and disappeared hundreds of thousands of civilians— from indigenous groups in Central America to political activists...

Israeli Arab Talleen Abu Hanna, 21, poses on stage after she was announced as the first Miss Trans Israel. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty)

November 10, 2016

A Move Towards Acceptance of Transgender Women in the Middle East

On May 27, 2016, Talleen Abu Hanna, 21, became the first Miss Trans Israel. On an international scale, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals face discrimination not only by those in their communities, but also by...

Awlaki, a U.S.-born and U.S.-educated radical Muslim preacher, had been the target of a protracted mission to eliminate him, in an operation code-named “Objective Troy.” (New York Times)

December 10, 2015

Violence Committed by Americans against (Foreign) Americans

Mark Danner’s portrayal of the muted denunciation of human rights abuses during the now more than decade-long U.S.-led global “War on Terror” and the remission of the once honorable paradigm of the exposure of injustice leading to redress were especially poignant reminders of the current crisis in humanitarian thought and activism...

The Obama administration has made extensive use of drone attacks in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria and Somalia, killing between 3,500 and 5,000 individuals. (CNN)

December 9, 2015

What Do We Do With What We Know? The War on Terror and Human Rights

Danner offered an incisive analysis of the current state of the United States’ War on Terror, an analysis that should not only sound alarm bells among European leaders as they choose military strikes as their response to the latest attack by ISIS in Paris, but also raises difficult questions about the part a human rights framework could play in putting an end to torture, indefinite detention...

Not only have human rights policies failed to alleviate economic inequality in the Mercosur region, but they have also, in some instances, perpetuated those very inequalities. (Vice)

November 19, 2015

The Human Right to Education and Economic Inequality

Focusing policies on tertiary-level education, Lauchner argues, rather than on primary and secondary education, has disproportionately benefited elites and perpetuated existing inequalities in society...

Nike’s track record on worker’s rights raises the question as to whether the Girl Effect is a “brand-led movement” or a movement to re-brand Nike. (Fastcompany.com)

November 21, 2015

Nike’s Girl Effect and the Privatization of Feminism

In 2009, Nike launched the Girl Effect, a “brand-led movement” targeting the alleviation of poverty among girls worldwide. The initiative advocates for investing in adolescent girls to create future workers and stimulate economic growth...

The kafala system—with all its legal underpinnings—is used to govern any worker within the country who is not a Gulf Cooperation Counsel national.(Al Jazeera)

November 15, 2015

Beyond Purely Legal or Economic Analyses of Migrant Laborer Abuses

The kafala is a system of laws and customs used to govern migrant workers in these countries. Some of the more egregious laws tie workers to one employer, enabling the confiscation of the workers’ passports during their stay in the country...