For over a decade, Penelope Simons has been engaged in research on corporate human rights accountability. Currently, she is a Professor of Law at the University of Ottawa. Previously, she was a Senior Lecturer in Law at Oxford Brookes University. She has practiced corporate/commercial law, and worked in the nongovernmental sector on peace and disarmament issues. Her present research is focused on the human rights implications of domestic and extraterritorial corporate activity, state responsibility for corporate complicity in human rights violations, as well as the intersections between transnational corporate activity, human rights and international economic law. She is the co-author of several books, including The Governance Gap: Extractive Industries, Human Rights, and the Home State Advantage (with Audrey Macklin) and Integrating Sustainable Development into International Investment Agreements: A Guide for Developing Country Negotiators (with J. Anthony VanDuzer and Graham Mayada).