Faculty Profile: Samy Ayoub
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Samy Ayoub specializes in Islamic law, Ottoman law, and law and religion in contemporary Muslim societies. He focuses on issues concerning law, its interaction with religion, and the role of religion in contemporary legal and socio-political systems within a global comparative perspective. He has legal training in Egypt and in the United States, and in Islamic studies. He has taught in law schools, and in religion and Middle Eastern Studies departments.
Samy Ayoub earned his PhD in Islamic law from the School of Middle Eastern and North African Studies and the James E. Rogers College of Law at the University of Arizona. He earned a BA in Islamic jurisprudence from Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt, in 2006, where he received systematic instruction in Ḥanafī jurisprudence. He also received an MSc. in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, UK, in 2008. Dr. Ayoub’s dissertation and current book project, Law, Empire, and the Sultan: Ottoman Imperial Authority in Late Ḥanafī Jurisprudence, won the 2015 Malcolm H. Kerr Dissertation Award. It is currently under review with Oxford University Press. Dr. Ayoub’s second book project is a legal study of political violence in the early modern Ottoman Empire. It investigates Muslim jurists' responses to armed rebellion against the Ottoman political order, and traces how these premodern Muslim legal formulations on dissent, rebellion, and terrorism shape contemporary Muslim legal discourses on these issues.
Teaching Areas: Islamic Law, Islamic Legal Theory, Islamic Ethics, Islam and Politics, Comparative Middle Eastern Law, Islamic Commercial Law, Late Ottoman Empire
Courses Recently Taught
Islam Law and Political Violence
Islamic Law and Society
Comparative Middle Eastern Law
Islamic Commercial Law
Rule of Law in Muslim Societies
Arabic Readings in Islamic Texts
Modern Islamic Political Thought
Late Ottoman State & Society
Law, Empire, and the Sultan: Ottoman Imperial Authority in Late Ḥanafī Jurisprudence
(Oxford University Press)
Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law on “Islamic Law and Empire” (Fall, 2017)
Rethinking Late Ottoman Civilization (University of Edinburgh Press, Under review)
“The Sulṭān Says: State Authority in The Late Ḥanafī Tradition.” Islamic Law and Society 23 (2016) 239-278.
“The Mecelle: Sharīʿa, and Ottoman State: Fashioning and Refashioning of Islamic Law in the 19th – 20th Century CE.” The Journal of the Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association 2:1 (2015): 121-146.
“Fear of Sharia: Harvard project aims to shed light on Islamic law,” Middle East Eye, May 4, 2017.
“Late Hanafi Law in the Ottoman Empire,” Ottoman History Podcast, November 24, 2015.